Pigeon Island National Park | Sri Lanka


Pigeon Island National Park is a protected area located off the coast of Nilaveli, a town in the Trincomalee district of Sri Lanka. It was declared a national park in 2003 and covers an area of 471.429 hectares. The park is named after the rock pigeon, a bird that is endemic to Sri Lanka.

Discovering the Coral Reef near Pigeon Island National Park

Pigeon Island National Park is renowned for its coral reef, which is considered to be one of the best-preserved coral reefs in Sri Lanka. The reef is home to a diverse range of marine life, including over 100 species of colorful corals and 300 species of reef fish. Snorkeling and diving are popular activities for visitors to the park who want to explore the underwater wonders of the reef.

Pigeon Island National Park Snorkeling
Pigeon Island National Park Snorkeling | Image Credit: us.lakpura.com

Spotting the Resident and Migratory Birds

Pigeon Island National Park is also home to a variety of birds, both resident and migratory. Some of the bird species that can be found in the park include the black-crowned night heron, the white-bellied sea eagle, and the Sri Lankan junglefowl. The park is also an important breeding ground for several species of sea turtles, including the hawksbill turtle and the green turtle.

Pigeon Island National Park Birds
Pigeon Island National Park Birds | Image Credit: www.ceylonexpeditions.com

Relaxing on the Beaches around Pigeon Island National Park

In addition to its marine and bird life, Pigeon Island National Park is also known for its beautiful beaches. The park has two main beaches, Pigeon Island Beach and Coral Cove Beach, both of which offer crystal-clear waters and stunning scenery. Visitors can relax on the beaches or take a leisurely walk along the sandy shores while enjoying the serene environment.

Pigeon Island National Park Beach
Pigeon Island National Park Beach | Image Credit: www.yovoyagin.com

Preserving the Natural Habitat

Pigeon Island National Park is dedicated to preserving the natural habitat of its flora and fauna. The park’s management is committed to sustainable tourism and is constantly working to reduce the impact of human activity on the park’s fragile ecosystem. Visitors are encouraged to follow the park’s guidelines to ensure the preservation of the park’s natural beauty for future generations.


In conclusion, Pigeon Island National Park is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. Whether you’re exploring the park’s coral reef, spotting the resident and migratory birds, or simply relaxing on the beaches, Pigeon Island National Park offers visitors an unforgettable experience. With its commitment to sustainable tourism and preserving the natural habitat, Pigeon Island National Park is a true gem of Sri Lanka’s natural wonders.

Picture of Thusitha Jayalath

Thusitha Jayalath

I work as a freelance content writer for a number of different blog sites. Wildlife viewing is a well-known or attractive way to pass the time. In their writings, the majority of the authors focused on wildlife places and the creatures that live there. To educate the readers on what we have in Sri Lanka from a global viewpoint, I am putting up my best effort. Let's go on a wildlife exploration of Sri Lanka together, and I'll guide you through every step of the way by explaining everything I know. If my articles have brightened your day, I invite you to read a couple of my other blog posts as well if you have some spare time on your hands. https://sharetraveller.com/ https://ethicallegend.com/

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