Sri Lanka Spurfowl

Sri Lanka Spurfowl – The Iconic Game Bird of Sri Lanka

by | Jan 6, 2022 | Birds | 0 comments

Image Credits

You May Need to Know

Conservation Status















G. bicalcarata

Binomial Name

Galloperdix bicalcarata

About Sri Lanka Spurfowl

The Sri Lanka Spurfowl, also known as the Junglefowl, is an iconic game bird of Sri Lanka. This beautiful bird, with its distinctive spurs on its legs, has been an important part of Sri Lankan culture and history for centuries. In this article, we will explore the world of the Sri Lanka Spurfowl, looking at its unique features, behavior, and importance in Sri Lanka’s avifauna.

Physical Characteristics of Sri Lanka Spurfowl

The Sri Lanka Spurfowl (Galloperdix bicalcarata) is a medium-sized bird, measuring around 30 cm in length. It has a distinctive brown plumage, with white speckles and bars on its wings and tail. The male and female birds are similar in appearance, but the male has a more prominent spur on its leg.

Behavior of Sri Lanka Spurfowl

The Sri Lanka Spurfowl is a shy and elusive bird that is primarily ground-dwelling. It lives in pairs or small groups of up to six birds and spends most of its time foraging for food on the forest floor. The birds are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of insects, seeds, and berries.

During the breeding season, the male Sri Lanka Spurfowl performs a unique courtship display. He will puff up his chest and fan out his tail feathers while calling out to potential mates with a loud, distinctive crowing sound.

Sri Lanka Spurfowl Female

Sri Lanka Spurfowl Female | Image Credits:

Where Can You Find Sri Lanka Spurfowl

Importance in Sri Lanka’s Avifauna

The Sri Lanka Spurfowl is an important species in Sri Lanka’s avifauna, both ecologically and culturally. The birds play a crucial role in maintaining the biodiversity of their habitat by consuming insects and seeds and dispersing them across the forest floor.

In Sri Lankan culture, the Sri Lanka Spurfowl is regarded as a symbol of beauty, strength, and courage. Its image has been used in traditional art and literature, and it has been featured on Sri Lankan currency notes.

Conservation Status

The Sri Lanka Spurfowl is currently listed as “least concern” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However, habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation and agricultural expansion remain major threats to the species’ survival. The Sri Lankan government has taken steps to protect the bird’s habitat, and several conservation organizations are working to raise awareness about the species and its conservation needs.


The Sri Lanka Spurfowl is a beautiful and iconic game bird of Sri Lanka that has played an important role in the country’s culture and history for centuries. Its distinctive spurs, unique courtship display, and important ecological role make it a beloved species among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts worldwide. However, its survival is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, and it is our responsibility to ensure the protection and conservation of this species for future generations to enjoy.

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