The pattern of life in Sri Lanka depends directly on the availability of rainwater. The mountains and the southwestern part of the country, known as the “wet zone,” receive ample rainfall (an annual average of 250 centimeters). Most of the southeast, east, and northern parts of the country comprise the “dry zone, which receives between 120 and 190 centimeters of rain annually. Much of the rain in these areas falls from October to January; during the rest of the year there is very little precipitation, and all living creatures must conserve precious moisture. The arid northwest and southeast coasts receive the least amount of rain 60 to 120 centimeters per year– concentrated within the short period of the winter monsoon.
The natural vegetation of the dry zone is adapted to the annual change from flood to drought. The typical ground cover is scrub forest, interspersed with tough bushes and cactuses in the driest areas. Plants grow very fast from November to February when rainfall is heavy but stop growing during the hot season from March to August. Various adaptations to the dry conditions have developed. To conserve water, trees have thick bark; most have tiny leaves, and some drop their leaves during this season. Also, the topmost branches of the tallest trees often interlace, forming a canopy against the hot sun and a barrier to the dry wind. When water is absent, the plains of the dry zone are dominated by browns and grays. When water becomes available, either during the wet season or through proximity to rivers and lakes, the vegetation explodes into shades of green with a wide variety of beautiful flowers. Varieties of flowering acacias are well adapted to the arid conditions and flourish on the Jaffna Peninsula. Among the trees of the dry-land forests are some valuable species, such as satinwood, ebony, ironwood, and mahogany.
In the wet zone, the dominant vegetation of the lowlands is a tropical evergreen forest, with tall trees, broad foliage, and a dense undergrowth of vines and creepers. Subtropical evergreen forests resembling those of temperate climates flourish in the higher altitudes. Montane vegetation at the highest altitudes tends to be stunted and windswept.
Forests at one time covered nearly the entire island, but by the late twentieth century, lands classified as forests and forest reserves covered only one-fifth of the land. The southwestern interior contains the only large remnants of the original forests of the wet zone. The government has attempted to preserve sanctuaries for natural vegetation and animal life, however. Ruhunu National Park in the southeast protects herds of elephants, deer, and peacocks, and Wilpattu National Park in the northwest preserves the habitats of many water birds, such as storks, pelicans, ibis, and spoonbills. During the Mahaweli Ganga Program of the 1970s and 1980s in northern Sri Lanka, the government set aside four areas of land totaling 190,000 hectares as national parks.
Source: U.S. Library of Congress (http://countrystudies.us/sri-lanka/34.htm)
Where to Stay
For those planning a trip to the National Park, we recommend booking your accommodations through our partner ” Booking.com,” which allows us to earn a portion of the revenue generated by the creation of high-quality content like this. Keep an eye out for our newest post on “National Parks,” which will be published weekly. Even if you are unwilling to do so, you can still enjoy the article and learn something you may not have known before.
I think this is among the most important information for me.
And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things,
The site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D.
Good job, cheers
Times are changing for the better if I can get this online! Cyndie Richy Sher
Great web site. Plenty of helpful information here. Latrina Darren Julis
I simply wanted to compose a small message to thank you for the superb hints you are giving out at this site. My incredibly long internet search has now been recognized with sensible strategies to share with my pals. I would point out that we readers actually are unequivocally endowed to dwell in a magnificent network with very many awesome people with very helpful plans. I feel somewhat blessed to have discovered the webpage and look forward to many more exciting times reading here. Thanks once more for a lot of things. Kissee Udale Huggins
Hi there. I found your site by means of Google at the same time as looking for a similar topic, your site got here up. It seems to be good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to visit then. Jillene Raddie Violante
Thanks for the blog. Really looking forward to reading more. Keep writing. Ronica Marcello Meehan
You could definitely see your skills within the paintings you write. The sector hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart. Ardenia Stanton Cherish
I like reading through a post that will make men and women think. Addi Chevy Clauddetta
Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol Deloris Derwin Grath
Valuable information. Lucky me I found your web site by accident, and I am shocked why this accident did not happened earlier! I bookmarked it. Lissy Bret Randi
Really enjoyed this article post. Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic. Martita Donnie Fransis
Enjoyed every bit of your blog post. Really thank you! Keep writing. Vinny Rutledge Engelbert Carmen Cory Lexis
Hi there colleagues, nice paragraph and good arguments commented at this place, I am truly enjoying by these.| Hynda Farlay Carlin
Take what you want God said to man and pay for it.