About Black-Crested Bulbul

The Black-crested Bulbul, also known as the Dark-Crested Bulbul, is a small passerine bird that can be found in various regions of Asia, including Sri Lanka. Known for its melodious song and striking plumage, this charming bird has become a beloved species in the country’s avifauna.

Appearance and Identification of Black-Crested Bulbul

The Black-Crested Bulbul is a small bird, measuring about 20 centimeters in length and weighing around 35 grams. It has a distinctive black crest on its head, which gives the species its name, as well as a black patch around its eyes. The rest of its plumage is mostly olive-green with a yellowish belly.

One of the key features that differentiate the Black-Crested Bulbul from other bulbul species is its unique vocalizations. Its song is a pleasant series of trills and whistles, and the bird often repeats its phrases several times.

Habitat and Distribution of Black-Crested Bulbul

The Black-Crested Bulbul is found in a variety of habitats, including tropical and subtropical forests, as well as gardens and other human-modified landscapes. In Sri Lanka, the bird is commonly found in the lowland wet zone, as well as in the hills and mountains.

The species is also found in other parts of South and Southeast Asia, including India, Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia. However, the populations of the Black-Crested Bulbul have been declining in some regions due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

Behavior and Ecology of Black-Crested Bulbul

The Black-Crested Bulbul is a social bird that is often found in pairs or small groups. It feeds on a variety of fruits, insects, and other small invertebrates, and plays an important role in seed dispersal and insect control in its ecosystem.

During the breeding season, which usually occurs from January to May, the Black-Crested Bulbul constructs a cup-shaped nest from twigs, grass, and other materials. The female lays 2-3 eggs, which are incubated by both parents.

Black-Capped Bulbul - Endemic Bird to Sri Lanka
Black-Capped Bulbul – Endemic Bird to Sri Lanka | Image Credits: www.srilankabirdwatchingtours.com

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Conservation Status

The Black-Crested Bulbul is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, the populations of birds are declining in some regions due to habitat loss and fragmentation, and it is listed as a protected species under Sri Lankan law.


The Black-Crested Bulbul is a charming and vocal songbird that is an important part of Sri Lanka’s avifauna. With its distinctive black crest and melodious song, this small passerine bird has captured the hearts of bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. However, the declining populations of the bird in some regions highlight the need for conservation efforts to protect this beloved species for future generations.


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